12+ In 1987, my wife and I shouldered our backpacks and set off from Australia. The plan was to live and work overseas in England for two years, using it as a base for UK and wider world travels. And the widest of these were inspired by reading books like Alan Moorehead's The White Nile and The Blue Nile.
With the benefit of 2020s hindsight, Moorehead's books are products of their time. As underscored by the blurb on the covers:
"The amazing story of the explorers and conquerors of the most mysterious region on earth." ~ The White Nile*
"The cruelty and splendour of Africa — and the men who conquered it." ~ The Blue Nile*
*Amazon affiliate links.
Both titles were published in the early 1960s when parts of Africa were still under colonial rule. Back then, the "Dark Continent" seemed as vast and impenetrable as Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness and as teaming with wildlife as Ernest Hemingway's Green Hills of Africa.
Travel Writers and Writing
I bought the Nile books from a secondhand bookshop or market in Brighton where I lived in England — pencilled on the inside covers is the price of 65 pence and 1 pound respectively. During this period, I was drawn to travel writing and tales of heroic exploration because I saw myself as a traveller, not a tourist. And I wanted to write.
Among my favourite travel writers were Eric Newby, Paul Theroux, Bill Bryson, and the intrepid Dervla Murphy. I also regularly read travel pieces in The Guardian newspaper. And through my reading and cross-references, I learned of Moorehead's classics.
In addition to chronicling the quest for the twin sources of the Nile, the books contain first-hand accounts of other epic expeditions on the continent. And The White Nile includes one of the world's most famous meetings:
I walked up to him, took off my hat, and said, "Dr Livingstone, I presume?"
"Yes," he said, with a kind smile, lifting his cap slightly.
I replaced my hat on my head, and he replaced his cap, and we both grasped hands, and then I said, "I thank God, Doctor, I have been permitted to see you."
He answered, "I feel thankful that I am here to welcome you."
No prizes for guessing who doffed his hat to Dr Livingstone!
The Nile books also provided a historical framework for the conquest and colonisation of Africa. In a preface note to the reader in The Blue Nile, Moorehead wrote:
This book, together with The White Nile which has already been published, completes a study of the river in the nineteenth century. It is intended that the two books, though complementing one another, should be read quite separately. The White Nile dealt with the years between 1856 and 1900. Here I have stepped back half a century to 1798 and am concerned with the events on the Blue Nile and on the main stream that descends from Ethiopia through the Sudan and Egypt to the sea.
Source of the Niles
However, the keenest interest for colonial explorers and modern-day readers was in the source of the Niles. The shorter Blue Nile originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The Scottish explorer James Bruce laid claim to being the first European to see its source in 1770. But this is disputed, with credible reports the Spanish Jesuit Pedro Páez, reached Lake Tana in 1618. (Wikipedia)
The longer White Nile proved far more challenging to explore. It originates at Lake Victoria in Uganda. And the first European to sight its source, the British explorer John Hanning Speke, didn't do so until 1858. (Speke also named the vast lake in honour of Queen Victoria.) Once again, this claim was disputed, principally by Speke's partner in the expedition, Richard Francis Burton.
And fittingly it was Henry Morton Stanley, who famously "presumed" he'd met Livingstone, who proved Speke's claim by circumnavigating Lake Victoria in 1876. (Wikipedia)
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Inspiration to Travel
Instead of staying overseas for two years as planned, my wife and I lived in England from 1987 to 1995. We returned to Australia on a nine-month overland adventure, inspired by travel writers and Michael Palin's Pole to Pole TV series. First, we headed east to Finland and then turned south and kept going until we reached Zimbabwe, travelling by train, boat, bus, truck and even bicycle.
In Africa, we travelled along the Nile in Egypt from Cairo to Aswan. We crisscrossed the Blue Nile in Ethiopia and visited its source at Lake Tana. And we sailed on Lake Victoria in Uganda.
As we stood staring in awe at the rivers and their sources, I thought of The White Nile and The Blue Nile. Yes, Alan Moorehead's books were products of their time. But when I read them, they inspired me to travel.
In turn, the Nile books led me to see the world differently from how it was depicted in the 1960s. And from how I thought of it as a backpacking "traveller" in the 1980s and 1990s.
© 2021 Robert Fairhead
N.B. You might also like to read this travel piece, on the ten days my wife and I spent in Syria on our overland adventure, Syrians Love Peace (January 2021).
A middle-aged dad and dog owner, Robert is a writer and editor at Tall And True and blogs on his eponymous website, RobertFairhead.com. He also writes and narrates episodes for the Tall And True Short Reads podcast, featuring his short stories, blog posts and other writing from Tall And True.
Robert's book reviews and other writing have appeared in print and online media. In 2020, he published his début collection of short stories, Both Sides of the Story, and in 2021 Twelve Furious Months, twelve short stories written for the Furious Fiction writing competition.
Outside of writing, Robert's favourite pastimes include reading, walking his dog, and watching Aussie Rules Football with his son.
He has also enjoyed a one-night stand as a stand-up comic.